Rosa Parks' quiet, but determined refusal to give up her seat on a city bus in Montgomery, Ala. The Montgomery Bus Boycott is widely credited with helping launch the modern civil rights movement.
ing the bond were E. Gray hinted that the ordinance requiring segregation would be attacked as unconstitutional. Historic, monumental moments can come from small acts.
Parks, a seamstress, was simply returning home from a day of work at a department store when the bus driver asked her and three other passengers to move from the front row of the "colored section. A bus driver is all alone as his empty bus moves through downtown Montgomery, during the boycott, April 26, Seventy five percent of city's bus passengers were black before the boycott.
Montgomery police searching for person of interest in attempted murder investigation
Ninety nine percent of the black ridership boycotted the system. District Court to bring an end to the bus segregation laws. The Rev. Abernathy was among a large group of Montgomery blacks indicted by a grand jury on boycott charges. Initially, boycott leaders didn't try to end segregation.
They only demanded that black passengers should be treated with courtesy, more black drivers be hired and seats be filled on a first-come, first-serve basis with blacks entering from a back entrance. Rosa Parks, is fingerprinted by police Lt. Lackey in Montgomery during the boycott, Feb.
Martin Luther King Jr. Ralph D. Abernathy, center, is booked by city policeman Lt. Lackey in Montgomery, Ala. Rosa Parks arrives at circuit court to be arraigned, Feb. This is part of the crowd outside the Montgomery, Ala. Cheers greeted black preachers, many of them indicted by the grand jury in the bus boycott, as they arrived for a mass prayer meeting in Montgomery, Ala.
One of the boycott leaders, Rev. Ralph Abernathy, left, foreground, facing camera, led the meeting. Rosa Parks and E. Parks was given the the Congressional Gold Medal by the U. Congress in for her pivotal role in the history of the civil rights movement.
Fred Gray, left, and Arthur D. Shores, center, defense attorneys in the bus boycott trial, talk with Rep. Charles Diggs, D-Mich. Diggs said he was an"observer.
Ninety three African-Americans went on trial on charges of violating the state's anti-boycott law. The grand jury returned 11 indictments against the group on Feb. King, a little-known minister in Montgomery, gained a national profile as a leader of the civil rights movement as a result of the boycott.
His nonviolent approach to change was fundamental to the boycott strategy. Martin Luther King, Jr. King, leader of the mass bus boycott, was found guilty March 22, of conspiracy in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Ralph Abernathy, right, close associate to Dr. Martin Luther King, both leaders of the civil rights march on the Alabama state capitol in Montgomery on March 25,re papers served on the marchers by sheriff deputies seeking to halt an African American boycott of buses in Selma Ala.
At left, front seat, is the Rev. Abernathy and behind him is the Rev. At right, second row, is a white minister, the Rev. Glenn Smiley of New York, who said he was in Montgomery as an observer.
Rosa parks’ bus
The woman is unidentified. The U. Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling that the bus segregation laws violated the 14th Amendment and ordered the city to integrate the bus system. No longer was it necessary for blacks to sit at the back of the bus or give up their seat to a white passenger.
Integration was not to follow a smooth road, however, and there was violence in the years ahead in the struggle for greater equality.
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