A suburb of Chicago is to become the first city in the United States to pay reparations to black residents who have suffered housing discrimination.
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The funds come mostly from a new tax on legalised marijuana. Black Americans were disadvantaged by racist housing decisions. To be eligible, residents must be a black person who lived in Evanston between toor a descendant of such a person.
The family must also have been a victim of discrimination in housing because of policies or practices in the city in that time. But not everyone has been supportive of reparations in this form. Alderman Cicely Fleming, who is herself black and voted against the plan, said she supported reparations, but said the plan assumed black people could not manage their own money.
Discussions over how to address housing discrimination increased following a report last year that illustrated how black people had faced restrictions on where they could live dating back towhen the first black resident arrived. The impact over generations "was cumulative and permanent.
They were the means by which legacies were limited and denied", the report stated. A fair housing law was passed in Evanston inbut evidence showed that black people were steered towards a section of town where they were the majority until Hundreds of communities across the US are considering reparations to black people, including the state of California, Iowa City and Providence, Rhode Island.
But there is not a lot of support for such reparations in the US. The movement towards some form of reparation for African Americans as a restitution for centuries of slavery and racism accelerated in the wake of the death of George Floyd last year.
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Published 17 November Published 12 March Published 6 March Related Topics. US race relations United States Illinois.